Anticholinergic Medications

Anticholinergic Medications

An anticholinergic agent is a substance that blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the central and the peripheral nervous system.  
It reduces spasms of smooth muscles (for example, muscles in the bladder). Side effects of anticholinergic medications include dry mouth and related dental problems, blurred vision, tendency toward overheating (hyperpyrexia), and in some cases, dementia-like symptoms. These medicines are known to cause confusion, memory loss, worsening of mental function, and other cognitive effects in the elderly.

Please discuss your medications concerns with your doctor.
Do not start or stop taking any medications without consulting your doctor.


Antihistamines, Allergy, Cough & Cold Medicines

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Azelastine nasel spray

Astepro™

Brompheniramine

Dimetane Extentab™, Cophene B™, Dimetapp Allergy™, Bromax

Carbinoxamine

Palgic™, Carboxine™, Arbinoxa™, Karbinal ER

Chlorpheniramine

Chlor-Trimeton™, Chlor-Trimeton Allergy SR™, Allergy Relief™, Chlorphen

Clemastine  Tavist

Tavist-1™, Dayhist-1™, Leader Allerhist

Cyproheptadine Periactin

Periactin™

Dexbrompheniramine 

Ala-Hist IR

Dexchlorpheniramine

Polaramine™ 

Diphenhydramine

Benadryl™, Sominex™, Diphenhist™, Wal-Dryl™, Banophen™, Hydramine™, Dicopanol™

Hydroxyzine

Vistaril™, Atarax™

Mepyramine

Medivet™, Kenya™; Anergol Nasal™ 

Olopatadine

Pataday™, Patanol™, Patanase™

Phenyltoloxamine

Dologesic™, Relagesic™

Promethazine

Phenadoz™, Phenergan™, Promethegan™

Triprolidine

Zymine™

 

Anxiety

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Hydroxyzine

Vistaril™, Atarax™

Bladder Antispasmodics

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Darifenacin

Enablex™

Flavoxate

 Urispas™

Oxybutynin

Gelnique™, Ditropan™, Oxytrol™

Propantheline

Pro-Banthine™

Solifenacin

VESIcare™

Tolterodine

Detrol™

Trospium

Sanctura™

 

Motion Sickness, Dizziness & Nausea

GENERIC NAME COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Dimenhydrinate

Dramamine™, Dymenate™, Triptone™, Calm-X™

Meclizine

Antivert™, Verticalm™, Bonine™

Prochlorrperazine

Compro™

Promethazine

Phenadoz™, Phenergan™, Promethegan™

Scopolamine

Transderm-Scop™, Scopace™, Maldemar

Trimethobenzamide

Tigan™

 

Movement Disorders

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)
Amantadine Symmetrel™

Benztropine

Cogentin™

Procyclidine

Kemadrin

Trihexyphenidyl

Artane™, Trihexy™, Trihexane

Orphenadrine

Norflex™

 

Muscle Spasms & Pain-Muscle Relaxants

GENERIC NAME COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Cyclobenzaprine

Amrix™, Fexmid™, Flexeril™

Meperidine

Demerol™

Orphenadrine

Norflex™

Phenyltoloxamine

Cafgesic Forte™, Combiflex ES™, Durabac Forte

 

Stomach & GI Tract - Ulcer & Reflux

GENERIC NAME COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Cimetidine

Tagamet™, Tagamet HB™, Equaline Acid Reducer

Glycopyrrolate

Robinul™, Cuvposa™

Ranitidine

Zantac™, Deprizine™

 

Stomach & GI Tract GI Antispasmodics

GENERIC NAME COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Atropine

Belladonna™

Alkaloids

Clidinnium

Librax™, Clindex™, Chlordinium™

Dicyclomine

Bentyl™

Hyoscyamine

Anaspaz™, Cystospaz™, Donnamar™, Levsin™

Methscopolamine

Pamine™

Propantheline

Pro-Banthine

Seizures & Mood Disorders

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Carbamazepine 

Tegretol™, Carbatrol™, Epitol™, Tegretol XR

 Insomnia & Sleep

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Diphenhydramine

Benadryl™, Sominex™, Diphenhist™, Wal-Dryl™, Banophen™, Hydramine™, Dicopanol™

Doxylamine

Sleep Aid Tablets™, Unisom SleepTabs™, Equate Sleep Aid™, Nytol Maximum Strength

Antipsychotics

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Chlorpromazine 

Thorazine™, Ormazine™

Clozapine

Clozaril™, FazaClo™

Loxapine

Loxitane™

Molindone

Moban™

Olanzapine

Zyprexa™

Pimozide

Orap™

Perphenazine

Trilafon™

Promethazine

Phenadoz™, Phenergan™, Promethegan™

Quetiapine

Seroquel™

Thioridazine

 Mellaril™, Mellaril-S

Trifluoperazine

Stelazine™

 

Asthma & COPD

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Glycopyrrolate

Robinul™, Cuvposa™

Ipratropium*

Atrovent™

Tiotropium*

Spiriva™

* Unknown whether central nervous system effects are important

 

 

Tricyclic Antidepressants

GENERIC NAME

COMMON BRAND NAME(S)

Amitriptyline

Vanatrip™, Elavil™, Endep™

Clomipramine 

Anafranil

Desipramine

Norpramin™

Doxepin

Silenor™, Zonalon™, Prudoxin™

Imipramine

Tofranil, Tofranil-pm

Nortriptyline

Pamelor™

Protriptyline

Vivactil™

Trimipramine

Surmontil™